Air Conditioning

Understanding the Refrigerant Cycle of An Air Conditioning

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Nowadays, it is not that easy to handle the sultry summer months unless you have an AC at your place. The cool and soothing breeze from this machine makes it all worthwhile, after spending hours outside. It is hard to imagine a place with AC these days. However, it is important to know more about the refrigerant cycle of the chosen air conditioning system to be sure of its working ability. For that, it is mandatory to log online and get your questions answered.

Learning about the components: 

In a generic AC unit, there are five major components to work on. Those five are compressor, condenser, evaporator, expansion device and copper refrigerant tube. Refrigeration is mainly a process of removing heat from a particular area, which is not quite wanted. After that, it helps in transferring the heat to area, which is open space.

Air Conditioning

The main aim of refrigeration cycle is to cool the air by using the AC unit. One should troubleshoot for issues inside the main system before powering on the device. Whether the filter is dirty or there is too much Freon, these issues should be looked at and solved but they are fairly simple problems to solve. You will be able to know about the entire refrigerating cycle after learning about the temperature and pressure of condenser, evaporator and compressor.

Learning about the parts:

It is mandatory to learn about the parts to understand refrigerant air conditioning cycle well. Each component has its own set of features and advantages. The component’s main function is same, but it might differ in shape and size, depending on the company or type of AC.

  • Evaporator is the first unit: Also known as heat exchanger, this evaporator helps in absorbing heat into the chosen central AC. However, do not be confused as this evaporator is not designed to absorb heat exactly. It is primarily use is to take cooled refrigerant, fed right from bottom of evaporator coils, in order to absorb heat produced. There is a liquid refrigerant, which flows from bottom of this coil and boils to move to the top.
  • The compressor to work on: Once you are through with the functionality of evaporator, it is time to concentrate on compressor. This is basically the heart of air conditioning system and helps in pumping refrigerant through the unit. It follows a designed pressure and flow rate to achieve the target. While entering the compressor, this refrigerant is in vaporized state. It is sucked inside the unit due to its low pressure size. It helps in compressing vapor using the basic temperature and pressure. The vapor leaving this part is quite hot and might burn you.
  • Time for the condenser: Let’s discuss about the condenser’s role in refrigerant procedure of an air conditioning unit. It is also known as air cooled condenser and works just like in the same manner like evaporator. However, the function is exactly opposite to an evaporator. This condenser unit is basically located outdoor near the compressor. The main aim of this item is to reject latent and sensible vapor heat, which could be absorbed by AC unit.
  • Metering device: The last but most important part of this unit has to be the metering device. It helps in controlling liquid flow of refrigerant to the evaporator. It is a dividing point between low pressure and high pressure sides of this system. When this liquid passes to evaporator through the metering device then the pressure drops.

Once you have learned about these four major components, it will not be difficult to learn about the refrigerant cycle of air conditioning unit. These form some crucial parts of the AC unit and need to be maintained from time to time.


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