Plant cloning in recent years has become a very popular gardening and agricultural technique. It focuses on taking a plant sample and exposing it to the right nutrients and stimulating the environment in order to grow clones of the original one.
Recently, the need to turn to smarter ways for cloning is on the rise in the US, mainly because of the legalization of Cannabis. Research shows that Medical Marijuana or Cannabis actually have the powers to treat a number of health related problems, encouraging growers on a commercial and domestic scale to turn to cloning. Cloning cannabis plants is a sure way to know what you will end up with at the end of the entire growth cycle, provided you do it the right way. In this case, you need to consider a number of factors like the Dorm Grow lights, the water level, pH, nutrients and more.
When it comes down to cloning, there are numerous merits to this technique, but the biggest one is the ability to select plants that have the best qualities. This makes sure their strengths, resistance, and characteristics pass on. Depending on the original plant you select, it is possible to make a deduction of how the clone will develop, the external factors that could affect, and the precautions needed to care for it.
For cannabis, this method also enables growers to choose specimens that have resistance to certain plant diseases. To make sure you get the best, almost identical clones, here’s what you need to do.
1. Select the Right Mother Plant
Successful cannabis cloning all starts with choosing the best mother plant. Keep in mind that this step provides the foundation for the entire process, so it needs to be a top consideration. Take your time to examine all the options carefully and start by observing how the potential candidates grow. Select a mother plant that looks the biggest, and most solid, but also pay attention to its pace of growth and yield. For the perfect clones, you need a combination of these properties. For cannabis plants, it is advisable that you select a branch that is closer to the lower part of the plant, that’s where more of the plant’s rooting hormones are high in concentration.
2. Cutting the stem
When the time to cut the stem comes, always try to cut it at a 45-degree angle to provide it with as much area as possible for it to take in nutrients. Try to use a sharp knife to avoid any bit of damage that may prevent the roots from growing. Immediately after cutting the clone material, put into water in order to prevent any air bubbles from forming in the stem. In case there are many leaves, you can take a few minutes to take them off to decrease the burden on the plant because it can provide more nutrients to the other parts. Leave enough so that it can take up the process of photosynthesis.
3. Choose a Suitable Cloning Technique
For cannabis cloning, there a few techniques you can implement for the best results. Each one features its own specifics and benefits. The most popular ones include:
- Rockwool Method: In this method, all you have to do is trim the cuttings from healthy plants. Clip off most of the plant leaves but let the top ones remain intact. Take each cutting, dip it into some rooting powder or gel, and then place them in Rockwool cubes (dipped in 5.5 pH water) under LED grow lights and temperature 22-240 C.
- Potting Soil Method: once you take off mature leaves from the stalk, which ensures the plant uses up all its energy and resources for the sprouting roots wet the sliced stalk bottom and dip it into rooting powder or gel. Stick the plant into a saturated potting plant under grow lights.
- Water Method: Take the stalks of the cut plants and submerge them in a small bottle of water, about sixteen ounces is ideal. To avoid algae build up, mix up things in a couple of days and wait to see root growth.
4. Transplant the Clones
Transplanting cloned cannabis is not so difficult, simply take them out of the technique you used and place them in soil based grow based to grow further. However, make sure that you maintain the environment for the healthy growth of cannabis.
5. Caring for Your Clones
Once you transplant your clone, it requires proper care as it is not developed fully yet. Among the crucial things you need to consider is the lighting condition. At this stage, the plants won’t be able to handle high-intensity lightings, so try to keep a balance. If you use G8 LED grow lights, remember to place them about thirty inches away and have them on for eighteen hours in a day. Spray them with some water and try to keep a balanced temperature.
Cloning can be very efficient and there are many benefits to it, including lower costs than purchasing seeds, faster growth, pesticide resistance, and plant uniformity. In general, the most effective way to ensure healthy clones is to keep a close watch on the plants.